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What is Bell's Palsy?


Peripheral facial paralysis, also known as Bell's Palsy, affects around 40,000 Brazilians per year. It is caused by inflammation of the facial nerve and is characterized by the sudden weakening or paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face.

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Experts warn that not being able to blink your eyes, smile or frown from one moment to the next are some of the signs of Bell's Palsy. The condition can be caused by the herpes virus, which lies dormant in the body.

When our immunity drops for some reason, the virus can attack the facial nerve, which controls the muscles of the face. The resulting inflammation causes the interruption of the nerve impulses that make the muscles move, causing them to weaken or paralyze.

Only one side of the face is paralyzed, and it may be difficult or impossible to wrinkle the forehead, blink, close the eye, and grimace. There is no paralysis in any other region of the body and the masticatory muscles are not affected.

Doctors still warn that there is no relationship between the disease and a stroke, for example, as Bell's Palsy does not affect the brain. The information is from G1.

Bell's palsy is not considered a medical emergency

  • When paralysis is partial, most patients recover completely within several months, with or without treatment.
  • Taking corticosteroids helps reduce days of inflammation.
  • However, most of the time, the problem goes away on its own, without the need for any treatment.
  • To do this, just wait for the nerve to deswell.
  • Due to the action of the herpes virus, in many cases, the use of medications against the virus may be recommended.
  • Physiotherapy can also help.
  • If the paralysis is total, recommendations vary and recovery may not be complete, as facial muscles may remain weak.



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