TECH

What does the creativity machine do?


Can a machine be endowed with intelligence and creativity and invent objects? Something that seemed like an exclusively human activity now has the participation of artificial intelligence. The AI ​​DABUS, for example, designed two artifacts and has provoked international discussions about the ownership of patents for these systems.

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Called the “creativity machine” by its creator, Stephen Thaler, one of the pioneers in the field of artificial intelligence, the system combines simple concepts into complex new ideas. According to the website The EconomistThaler believes that the machine has sensory experiences, dreams and even a stream of consciousness.

DABUS is an acronym for Device for the Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience, or in Portuguese, Device for the Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience. This is generative artificial intelligence.

This means that the system has the ability to create hypotheses based on standardized data and learn autonomously from this information. By analyzing subtle patterns, they can provide insights and discover new connections.

DABUS AI inventions

(Image: Pexels)

One of the products developed by the system consists of a container for food or drink. The innovative shape of the object allowed for more effective handling and storage. His second invention consisted of a type of flashlight, whose unusual light pattern makes it suitable for rescue.

To develop these ideas, Thaler fed the machine data about beverage containers and flash lights. One part of the system is responsible for “thinking” about ideals, while another evaluates the results.

In addition to having designed both artifacts, the AI ​​DABUS achieved achievements such as replicating the ability of dogs to identify prostate cancer through the patient's urine. Tests with the machine achieved 95% accuracy.

DABUS has also embraced algorithmic trading, a technique that uses complex mathematical tools to make investment decisions. In this case, the AI ​​achieved 1% daily return. It is worth mentioning, however, that during the experiment the machine did not make real money contributions.

Can IA DABUS own a patent?

ideas
Image: alphaspirit.it/Shutterstock

With the intention of protecting the two inventions that came from the AI ​​DABUS, Thaler filed applications with 18 patent offices around the world to make the machine the official inventor of the objects, including in Brazil. The majority, however, denied the scientist's requests.

In an interview with The EconomistThaler stated that he would consider it dishonest to name the patent holder himself, since, in his view, the machine invented the objects spontaneously.

Australia had been one of the few countries in which Thaler had obtained a positive response from the courts. But a decision from a higher court returned the country to the same level as the international scene. For now, Thaler has achieved his goal with the South African patent office, which has granted AI DABUS ownership of the patents.

Most international decisions have interpreted jurisdictions to include only human beings as inventors. In a recent decision, a court in the United Kingdom considered that the term inventor designates a natural person and would not apply to machines.

In the United States, responses have also been negative, as reported by Reuters. The country's Supreme Court stated that US patent law unambiguously requires that the inventor of a given object or work be a human being.

What did Brazil say about it?

In Brazil, the National Intellectual Property Institute (INPI) released an opinion in 2022, according to which the inventor must be a person. According to the institute, Brazilian legislation places human beings at the center and highlights them as holders of rights and duties. However, the body highlighted the need to formulate specific legislation that deals with the inventiveness of machines.

In the request sent to Brazil, Thaler, in turn, argued that the only consequence of a non-human patent holder is the person's loss of moral rights under the invention. As the owner of the machine, the scientist would continue to hold the fruits and products generated by the DABUS AI.



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