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Aurangzeb Alamgir: Mughal emperor who promoted religious tolerance


Aurangzeb Alamgir's reign spanned 49 years and almost the entire subcontinent became part of the Mughal Empire for the first time. On March 3, 1707, Aurangzeb Alamgir passed away due to illness in Ahmednagar. Today is the death anniversary of this Mughal king. Aurangzeb Alamgir was buried in Khaldabad as per his will.

In the last days of his life, Aurangzeb lived with Udaypuri, the mother of his youngest son Kambakhsh, who was a singer. According to historians, on his deathbed, the Mughal emperor wrote in a letter to his son that Uday was with him during his illness and would be with him even at the time of death. Historians write that Aurangzeb was buried in an unmarked grave. A few months after the death of Aurangzeb, Uday Puri also passed away in the same year.

Mughal emperor Aurangzeb was born on November 3, 1618 in Dohad. At that time, his grandfather Jahangir was the ruler of India. Alamgir was the third child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal was his mother.

Many anecdotes and stories related to celebrities are well-known, but the authenticity of most of the events and situations that have reached us after centuries has become very doubtful. Although one can read a lot about the Mughal period and the personal life of King Aurangzeb Alamgir and his reign in authentic history books and works of reliable historians or travelers etc., there are many misconceptions among the common people and many The events that we have been hearing and reading frequently are fabricated. India mentioned in authentic history books was the richest country in the world. Historians of this period witnessed the state of society and governance of this country and also wrote down the Mughal dynasty, the decisions of the royal court and the conditions of the elite. But there are also stories attributed to Aurangzeb Alamgir among the people, which do not have any authentic references. When it comes to religious tolerance in India during the Muslim era, the non-Muslim subjects, including Hindus, Sikhs, Christians and other faiths, disagree with it.

Mohiuddin succeeded to the throne of India under the title of Aurangzeb. His father Shah Jahan gave him the title of Alamgir. Aurangzeb Alamgir memorized the Qur'an and studied Turkish literature in addition to Islamic studies. He was also an expert calligrapher. Like other Mughal emperors, Aurangzeb also used to converse in Hindi with Phrate from his childhood. He also learned horse riding, archery and martial arts. When Alamgir was seventeen years old, he was appointed Subedar of the Deccan in 1636. While in this position, Alamgir, who put down several rebellions, also conquered a few territories. After King Shahjahan's illness, chaos and individual rule began in some remote areas of the empire, Alamgir took many matters into his own hands and started trying to get the throne. For this, he took advantage of his father Shahjahan's illness and fought with his brothers. The four sons of Shah Jahan were beginning to consider themselves entitled to the throne. Shah Jahan wished to appoint his eldest son, Dara Shikoh, as his successor, but Aurangzeb felt that the kingship was more his right than his brothers. Aurangzeb also got the royal throne of India after crushing various rebellions by the sword. Historians write that after coming to power, Aurangzeb Alamgir abolished many useless rituals prevalent among Hindus and Muslims and banned intoxicants. In the same way, he got the pleasure of the subjects by removing the revenue from various food and drink items. Most historians have described the king as pious, prudent and a high-level administrator. It is also known about him that he used to earn his living by writing Quran and making hats. Badshah was a good Persian essayist whose letters were compiled under the name of Raqat-e-Alamgir. In the Islamic history of India, this Mughal king's book Fatawa Alamgiri also has special importance and fame.

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